Preventing, detecting and tackling situations where authorisations to reside in the EU for the purpose of study are misused

2022 03 08

What are the procedures established by Member States to prevent and detect the misuse of authorisations for third-country nationals to reside for the purpose of study? The latest inform from the European Migration Network (EMN) provides a comparative overview of Member States’ approaches, experiences and best practices in addressing such cases.  

EU legislation regulates the conditions of entry and residence of third-country nationals for the purposes of research, studies, training, voluntary service, pupil exchange schemes or educational projects, and au pairing. This inform draws on the contributions of 24 Member States and aims to map experiences and approaches across the EU in preventing and addressing situations where authorisations are potentially misused for a purpose other than for study. 

The inform is built around the distinction between the pre-arrival phase, where focus is on prevention of potential misuse of authorisations, and the post-arrival phase, which concentrates on monitoring and detecting cases of misuse once an authorisation to reside for the purpose of study has been issued. The inform outlines that several Member States give full priority to the pre-arrival phase, with as many placing emphasis on both the pre-arrival and the post-arrival phase.

The most common methods used by Member States to assess the potential for a misuse of authorisations by third-country nationals are document validation and interviewing applicants. Document validation includes specific checks of documents, for instance passports, education certificates, financial assets. Interviewing aims to check the applicant’s knowledge of the chosen field of study, of their chosen country of study, or language of the course of study. Other verification methods include contacting Higher Education Institutes to confirm the applicant’s enrolment to a course, if the applicant has paid fees for studying, and performing tests or check certificates on language skills.

EMN Inform (EN)